Where do the children come from?

Adoption Focus is a charity which specialises in training and preparing people to become adoptive parents. This means that, unlike Local Authorities, we aren’t directly responsible for children who have been placed into care.

Children are referred to Adoption Focus by Local Authorities from all over the UK, giving our adopters a wide range of children from which to find a potential match.

We have great relationships with Local Authorities - particularly with our partners at Adoption in the Black Country – who know how well-prepared and supported our adopters are.

Why have these children been made available for adoption?

Children become available for adoption either because their birth parents request adoption or, more often, because the child is removed from the birth parents by a court order on the grounds of neglect or abuse. In these cases, attempts will have been made to rehabilitate the child to the birth family but these will, sadly, have failed.

Most children come from families who have experienced a combination of problems:

  • inadequate parenting
  • alcohol or drug dependency
  • domestic violence
  • poverty
  • mental ill health
  • physical ill health
  • lack of support
  • unemployment
  • learning difficulties

Some parents have been abused or neglected in their own childhood, or the child may have been born with a severe disability and the parents feel unable to cope. These factors culminate in the child’s needs being ignored or inadequately met and form the background for abuse and neglect.

At Adoption Focus we understand the children’s needs and what they have experienced in their young lives. We will help you to build on the skills you already have and to gain confidence to become the parents that these children need.

Types of children available for adoption

The children are normally aged 0-11 years. There are very few healthy white babies available for adoption, but there are lots of single toddlers and children and groups of brothers and sisters who need parents who will adopt them.

There are white children, black children, Asian children and children of dual heritage. We try to match the child’s ethnicity, cultural and religious heritage with their adoptive family. For this reason we need white, black, Asian and mixed heritage adopters who practise all faiths or have no faith.

Some children are healthy and some have health problems ranging from mild to severe. A severe physical disability might affect the child’s mobility, intellectual development and ability to achieve full independence as an adult.

Some children are reaching all their developmental milestones and some are delayed in all aspects of their development. Others may be delayed in certain aspects like speech and language.

Some children are academically able and some have mild learning difficulties and may need extra help in the classroom. Some children have severe learning difficulties and need the specialist facilities provided by a special school.

There may be incomplete medical background information on the child’s birth family. In some cases we don't know who the birth father is and this could have implications for the child’s health and identity. Some children have experienced physical neglect or abuse. This can be emotional, physical or sexual.

Some children have not experienced abuse or neglect but come into the care system because older siblings have been abused or neglected. All children available for adoption have experienced loss and separation from their birth family. Their capacity to trust adults is likely to be impaired.

Children express their anger and sadness about what has happened to them through a variety of behaviours. They may be quiet, timid, withdrawn, verbally or physically aggressive, destructive with their own and other people’s possessions or want to be in control.

Contact with birth families

Most children need to maintain some form of contact with significant people from their past. This is usually via a letterbox exchange managed by Adoption Focus and the Local Authority from which the child has been placed. This process does not reveal addresses.

The importance of contact and ways of managing it are fully explained during the preparation process and agreed when a placement is being arranged.

Children's stories

The Adoption Process - Discover if adoption is for you

Can I adopt?

Contact Adoption Focus